to complete information systems analysis for an information management
project and want practical suggestions to ensure rapid project delivery?
The objective of the requirements analysis phase
is to identify and secure approval for
a project requirements specification.
A complete requirements analysis is needed to ensure rapid project
optimal return on information management investment.
What is a requirements
An information management project is concerned with getting the right
information, in the right hands, at the right time to make the right
Information systems analysis and requirements analysis produces a
requirements specification. This specification states the
project goal and the related
data storage, data movement, security, quality, usage, functional and
non-functional requirements that must be achieved in order to achieve
the business goal stated in the business case.
It is intended to act as the master list (roadmap) of all requirements
that must be met by the project.
information systems analysis important?
Imagine that you have decided to renovate your house. You have met with
an architect and agreed on some basic concepts, time and cost
estimates. Your family has approved these costs in the form of a
Now imagine that you let the tradesmen start work—They have no
real idea of what you require in sufficient detail to start
renovations. Even with the best of intentions it is unlikely they will
construct something that meets your requirements, and cost estimates.
Information management projects are similar--Requirements should be
identified first, and approved by the business owner, before technical
design begins. This way, the business owner is involved in “sign-off”
of the requirements. The technical team is also involved with
specifying requirements so they are in a better position to understand
what is needed.
this help deliver projects faster?
The requirements specification provides a means of specifying all
requirements and the criteria that will be used to accept that the
requirements have been met. It helps ensure that the technical team
does not design and build something that is not specified.
Requirements management will ensure that project management scope for design and
does not deviate from requirements thus minimizing time delays and cost
over-run due to re-work.
the requirements specification be
Requirements analysis is the second phase of an information
management project methodology and should be started upon approval of
the business case.
is included in
Requirements analysis activities include:
The following information systems analysis deliverables
are produced as part of the information management requirements
- Analysis of business requirements and business models;
- Business analysis requirements and business
- Requirements analysis and definition of data
warehouse requirements; and
- Systems analysis requirements modeling.
- Data movement requirements are documented in a
data flow diagram, and
integration specifications, which specify database mapping
business rules. Requirements for data
conversion projects are included with data movement
requirements and associated security testing
requirements are included to specify who should have access to the
information and who should be allowed to use it;
- The requirements specification should specify data quality objectives
and requirements and how data quality issues
should be handled by the solution;
specify any specific things that
users wishes to see in the solution such as the specific distribution
analysis and design identifies non
functional requirements (or system
requirements) should specify
requirements for things like production
support, data maintenance,
level requirements and performance expectations;
involved with requirements analysis?
- Acceptance criteria requirements should be specified
to define the criteria that will be used for user
acceptance testing to ensure that the technical team has a clear
understanding of user expectations; and
A requirements specification team should be comprised of:
- Business owner, to provide input to all
- Data steward, to provide input on data quality
and data security;
- Data modeler, to analyze data requirements and
take ownership for the requirements specification;
- Data analyst to analyze and document data
movement requirements; and
- Business intelligence analyst, to analyze and
document information usage requirements.
cannot succeed without common understanding of requirements”
A complete information systems analysis is needed to ensure
delivery and optimal return on information management investment.